Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
In September 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported the discovery of a novel coronavirus causing human infection which resulted in fatal acute lower respiratory illness in a man in Saudi Arabia. Since then, additional cases of this virus, now called MERS-CoV, have occurred in the Middle East, and also in France, Germany, Tunisia and the United Kingdom in persons who traveled to the affected areas or who had contact with a person with MERS-CoV infection. For the latest case count, see the WHO Disease Outbreak News.
There have been no MERS-CoV infections reported in the United States. Orange County continues to monitor the situation closely. If you have a suspect case of MERS-CoV, please call Orange County Public Health immediately at 714-834-8180 for testing and management, and follow the recommendations outlined below.
Several of the cases have been acquired in the health care setting. CDC recommends that suspect and confirmed cases of MERS-CoV be managed using Standard, Airborne and Contact Precautions, including eye protection. For more information, see the CDC MERS-CoV Interim Infection Control Recommendations.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS; SARS-CoV)
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a viral illness that first appeared in mainland China in November 2002. From November 2002 through August 2003, there were 8,422 cases of SARS reported worldwide with 916 deaths (11%). In the United States, eight (8) SARS cases were confirmed through laboratory testing, 2 of whom were from California. There were no confirmed or probable SARS cases in Orange County.
For more information about Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), see www.cdc.gov/sars.
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